The IVF & Reproductive Medicine Educational Center

The physicians and professional staff at ReproMed in Toronto are committed to providing cutting edge reproductive technology.

What to Expect During Egg Retrieval

For women facing infertility for such factors like age, known endometriosis, or inoperable tubal disease, IVF is an effective solution for achieving pregnancy and starting a family. An essential step in the IVF process is egg retrieval. Once complete, it will facilitate fertilization (with partner or donor sperm) and embryo development. Embryologists will then help select the best quality embryos to transfer to the uterus in the hopes of a successful implantation. Egg retrieval will require the use of prescribed fertility drugs prior to the procedure. It will also entail careful monitoring in your reproductive clinic to ensure accurate timing for the harvesting of the eggs. Below you can get a better idea of what the egg retrieval procedure will require so that you are well-prepared for this process.

Preparing Your Body

Egg retrieval is scheduled well in advance because there are some essential steps that must occur beforehand. Shortly after the start of your menstrual cycle, you will begin taking medications to help stimulate the ovaries to develop as many viable eggs as possible during the cycle. During this time, your ovulation progress is monitored through hormone levels and ultrasound imaging. Just before egg retrieval takes place, the doctor will provide an injection of the hormone hCG / Lupron which will further the chances of a successful retrieval.

Getting Ready for Your Procedure

Food and drink should be restricted from midnight, the night before the procedure. Alcohol, tobacco, and CNS depressants (anything that makes you drowsy) are to be strictly avoided for 4 days prior to the procedure. On the morning of the retrieval, do not wear any perfume, makeup, contact lenses, or jewelry. Be sure to arrive at the clinic in comfortable clothes with an adult companion ready to drive you home.

During the Procedure

You will be under conscious sedation which is administered through an IV (intravenous) to help with pain relief. Common side effects from this include allergic reactions, drowsiness, dizziness, unusual weakness, headaches, and memory impairment. For these reasons, you will be required to be accompanied by adult to be discharged. During the procedure, the doctor will use a needle guided by ultrasound to puncture the ovarian follicles and retrieve eggs to be fertilized within hours in a laboratory setting.

At ReproMed, you can expect to be fully informed about your infertility diagnosis and your treatment options, as patient education is a top priority in our Toronto assisted reproduction institute. To schedule a consultation with our compassionate and dedicated team, give us a call today at (972) 494-5438.

Understanding Normal Menstruation

If you are struggling with irregular menstrual cycles, there is a chance that you may experience fertility issues when you decide to have a child. Defining normal menstrual cycles can be a challenge, because there is a wide range of what is considered regular, you will need to be familiar with the pattern of your own cycle to determine when abnormalities exist.

Typically, normal menstrual cycles will last 2-7 days with variable flow. If you have a flow so heavy that you typically bleed through pads within an hour or two, you should discuss this issue with your doctor. Additionally, you should speak with your doctor if your periods come at a highly irregular schedule with exceptionally large or short gaps between each cycle. Your menstruation patterns may change as you age, as many women see a reduction in the duration of their cycles as they get older.

If you are unsure about whether you have normal periods or you are experiencing signs such as abnormally heavy periods, contact ReproMed in Toronto to schedule a fertility assessment. For a closer look at the services we offer, visit us online or call (972) 494-5438.

A Step-by-Step Guideline to the IVF Cycle Timeline

IVF, or in-vitro fertilization, is one of the most common and effective assisted reproduction services available. This treatment therapy has helped many participants achieve their goal of starting a family. It is important to know exactly what you can expect in the timeline of an IVF cycle so that you are able to make an informed decision about your family planning. This article will offer a glimpse at the timing involved in an IVF cycle so that you are better prepared when you move forward with the process.

Step 1: Tracking Your Menstrual Cycle

In order to accurately predict when you will be ovulating, it may be necessary to track your menstrual cycle for a period time. This is often referred to as a diagnostic cycle. When you are ready to proceed with IVF, you will notify the clinic on day one of your menstrual cycle. Shortly after you will start taking hormonal birth control for a certain period of time to get your cycle on a more predictable schedule. In some cases, you may take daily injections of Orgalutran for 2 to 3 days prior to stimulation.

Step 2: Take Fertility Meds

Fertility medication is timed to coincide with the pre-stimulation procedure (Step1) and their goal is to help stimulate the ovaries to develop as many viable eggs as possible during the cycle. Your doctor will talk to you about the specific fertility medications you’ll use to achieve this as there are several options and combinations possible. Each scenario is tailored specifically to the patient’s cycle.

Step 3: Retrieve Eggs

As you receive medication during ovarian stimulation, your progress will be monitored through hormone levels and ultrasound imaging. 36 hours prior to egg retrieval, your doctor will give you an injection of hCG / Lupron. This is known as the “trigger shot.” Egg harvesting is a minimally-invasive procedure performed under conscious sedation, so you will not feel discomfort.

Step 4: Fertilize Eggs

During the egg retrieval process, your partner or a donor will provide semen to fertilize eggs. This process takes place within hours of the eggs being removed from the body. Over the next few days, embryos will grow in a lab (in vitro), and the most viable will be selected for transfer to the uterus. A successful IVF procedure will result in pregnancy, which can be tested as soon as 14 days after the transfer.

If you are struggling to conceive and you think IVF might be right for you, contact ReproMed at (972) 494-5438. Our team is leading the way in reproductive research and technology, and we can provide care for patients not only in Canada, but from around the world.

Health Canada: Assisted Human Reproduction Act

Dear Patients, Friends, & Colleagues:

Health Canada is asking the public to comment on the Assisted Human Reproduction Act as it plans to make some significant changes for the first time in many years. They are asking for the public to comment on three main areas:

  • Safe use of reproductive tissues in third party reproduction (Section 10)
  • Reimbursement of surrogates and gamete donors (Section 12)
  • Inspection and enforcement (Sections 45 to 58)

Please visit this website to learn more about Health Canada’s announcement and how you can respond with comments. These changes will affect many aspects of Assisted Reproduction in Canada including the use of Sperm Donors, Egg Donors, and Surrogates. For the first time in a very long time patients will have a chance for their voice to be heard in shaping policy around Assisted Reproduction here in Canada. Don’t let this opportunity pass by to share your input in this very important matter.

Is Egg Freezing Right for You?

It used to be the case that egg freezing was considered an experimental procedure reserved only for women undergoing chemotherapy or other procedures that would threaten future fertility. Today, social egg freezing is approached much more casually, though it is important to remember that there are risks and costs to be considered with the procedure.

This colorful video shares some key facts about egg freezing so that you may determine whether or not this procedure is right for you. Egg freezing is often more successful when it involves the fertilization of the egg prior to freezing, though many patients have experienced success with freezing just eggs by themselves. In some cases, women who choose to freeze their eggs may never need to use them in the future, but like knowing they have options available. To learn more about egg freezing, and other fertility care options, contact ReproMed today at (972) 494-5438.

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