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    A Patient's Guide to ICSI

    Last updated 22 hours ago

    If you are planning to undergo an IVF cycle, your reproductive medicine physician may recommend using intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) as part of your treatment. ICSI is a fairly recent innovation in the field of reproductive medicine that has yielded impressive results for infertile couples. Talk to your Infertility Specialist to find out whether ICSI is right for you and what you can expect from the procedure.

    ICSI Candidacy
    Reproductive medicine specialists typically recommend ICSI in cases of male infertility. Since it involves the precise injection of a single sperm into an egg, it is ideal in cases in which the sperm cannot reach the egg or cannot fertilize the egg naturally. ICSI can be highly effective in cases of male infertility involving a very low sperm count, abnormal sperm morphology, ejaculation difficulties, and similar challenges.  It also recommended for couples with no prior history of a pregnancy.

    Sperm Sample
    The male partner provides a sperm sample. Sometimes, the infertility doctor will need to extract sperm directly from the male partner under a local anesthetic. This may involve testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) or percutaneous epididymal aspiration (PESA).

    Egg Retrieval
    As with a typical IVF procedure, the female partner can expect to undergo an egg retrieval.  After using fertility drugs to stimulate the release of multiple eggs, the physician will carefully “retrieve” them using an ultrasound guided needle. A local anesthetic will alleviate any discomfort.

    Fertilization and Transfer
    In the laboratory, an embryologist will isolate a few, individual sperm and inject one into each egg. The fertilized eggs will then develop into embryos under close supervision.  When they are ready for “transfer,” the female partner will come back to the IVF clinic and the physician will complete the procedure.

    The reproductive medicine specialists of ReproMed utilize state-of-the-art technology for IVF and ICSI protocols. Our IVF clinic in Toronto is dedicated to providing extensive patient education to help you and your partner make an informed decision. Take the first step toward overcoming infertility by calling (647) 495-8305 to arrange a confidential consultation with a reproductive medicine specialist.

    What Your Age Means to Your Fertility

    Last updated 7 days ago

    Age is a significant factor of fertility for both men and women. Among women, fertility tends to decline dramatically at about age 30 and 35, with further declines thereafter. Not only can it be more difficult for a woman to become pregnant, but the risks of miscarriage also rise.

    Watch this video to learn more about the link between age and fertility.  The physician elaborates upon some of the risks of delaying childbearing for long period of time.  When the time is right to start your family, and if you are concerned about the effect your age may have, it’s a good idea to consult a reproductive medicine specialist about your options.

    If you and your partner are ready to begin a family, contact the Fertility Specialists at ReproMed. Couples can call (647) 495-8305 or visit us online for more information about our services, including in vitro fertilization.

    What Is Sperm Banking?

    Last updated 22 days ago

    A sperm bank is a place where donated sperm is acquired, tested, and stored for future fertility use.  Sperm donors are thoroughly screened based on the strict guidelines outlined by the Canadian Semen Regulation.  In many cases sperm banks, like ReproMed, will extend testing protocols beyond the minimum regulatory requirements to ensure that only the safest sperm samples are offered to patients.

    In addition to collecting all the medical-genetic history, the bank will note all physical features, family history, educational history, skills, abilities, and personality traits.  This information is often presented to recipients through an on-line catalogue that can be accessed from the Internet.  Additional donor information, known as Extended Profiles, can also be accessed and includes such items as Donor Photos, Temperament Reports, Staff Impressions, and Donor Essays. 

    Compliant specimens are carefully frozen in an advanced cryopreservation tanks until the recipient requests the samples to be shipped to their doctor or clinic to be used in a treatment cycle.  Some patients may engage the sperm bank for long term storage of units for future subsequent pregnancies. 

    If you have any questions about sperm banking, call ReproMed at (647) 495-8305. Our strict donation rules and sperm banking protocols have allowed us to help patients throughout Canada achieve a pregnancy. You can visit our website to learn more about our other reproductive services, including IVF and egg freezing.

    What Is Intrauterine Insemination?

    Last updated 28 days ago

    Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) involves the injection of sperm directly into the uterine cavity. This procedure is often recommended for couples experiencing fertility challenges or for single & same-sex females wishing to achieve a pregnancy.  At reproductive centers like ReproMed, the IUI is performed in a safe, sterile outpatient clinic.

    During an IUI, the female patient lies on an examining table and has a speculum inserted into her vagina. The attending medical professional then carefully inserts a small catheter through the cervix and slowly injects the prepared (washed) sperm sample into the uterus.

    The entire procedure takes less than 5 minutes. For best results, it’s ideal to have two separate inseminations within a 24-hour period. Slight cramping is common after this procedure, and can be alleviated with a mild anti-inflammatory.

    ReproMed is dedicated to safe and effective reproductive medicine. We provide a wide range of fertility services, including intrauterine insemination, IVF, and egg freezing. To speak with one of our Toronto medical professionals, feel free to call (647) 495-8305.

    Preparing for Your First Fertility Clinic Visit

    Last updated 1 month ago

    It’s perfectly normal to be a little nervous about your first visit to a fertility clinic, especially given the emotional implications of infertility. Understanding what to expect can calm your nerves and help you get the most out of your consultation with the reproductive medicine specialist. You may wish to visit the website of the fertility clinic beforehand to learn more about the practice and the people you will meet.

    Complete Required Paperwork
    At your first visit, you can expect to fill out a patient questionnaire, medical history, and necessary consents. You can save time at the visit by requesting these forms ahead in advance. Many fertility clinics make these forms available for download on their websites. When filling out the paperwork, be sure to complete as much information as possible to assist the Fertility Specialist in the initial diagnosis.

    Write a List of Questions
    During your visit with the reproductive medicine specialist, you’ll receive a great deal of information about infertility and possible treatment options. It can be easy to lose track of the questions you’d planned to ask. Write a list of your questions in advance.  Some of the common ones are what tests the doctor recommends, what to expect during treatment like in vitro fertilization (IVF), and whether complementary therapies such as acupuncture are beneficial.

    The Fertility Assessment
    It’s common for infertility patients to undergo fertility testing during a second visit; however, some clinics may conduct testing at the first visit to help save time & travel. Both men and women can expect various testing to taking place during the initial diagnostic phase.  Rest assured, the clinic’s trained team of specialist will be there to support you from the start.

    The caring team at ReproMed provides comprehensive fertility assessments and infertility treatment options. At our fertility clinic, you’ll also find extensive counselling and patient support services, in addition to financing assistance. Future parents in the Toronto area can reach us by calling (647) 495-8305.




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