The IVF & Reproductive Medicine Educational Center

The physicians and professional staff at ReproMed in Toronto are committed to providing cutting edge reproductive technology.

Zika Virus and Transmission through Semen

What is the Zika Virus?

The Zika virus is a flavivirus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes that primarily bites during the day. It was first identified in Uganda in 1947 and there was disease outbreak in French Polynesia in 2013. More recently, in 2015, Zika virus was recognized in Brazil and has since been spreading quickly throughout many regions of the Western Hemisphere including Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.

What are the signs of Zika Virus?

When symptomatic, Zika virus infection typically causes a mild self-limiting febrile illness with symptoms such as fever, rash, joint pain, muscle pain, headache, and conjunctivitis. It is important to note that asymptomatic infection occurs in approximately 80% of Zika virus infected individuals. The incubation period of the infection is believed to be 3 to 2 days, and viremia (presence of the virus in the bloodstream) is thought to last no longer than 7 to 10 days.

Zika in Semen

However, Zika virus may persist for longer periods of time in semen. Viral RNA has been detected in semen 62 days after onset of symptoms in one individual, and in another case, Zika virus was detected possibly up to 10 weeks after onset of symptoms. Evidence of sexual transmission continues to mount. There have been several instances reported by the US Center for Disease Control of suspected sexual transmission of Zika virus.

Semen Banking is an Option

In light of the current reports about the sexual transmission of the Zika virus and the devastating consequences on the offspring, men who are planning to travel to an area with active Zika virus transmission are strongly encouraged to consider semen banking. Health Canada currently recommends that men should not initiate a pregnancy for six months after travelling to a Zika virus active region. Men who bank their semen prior to travel will be able to freely use these samples to build their family without any concerns regarding the transmission of the Zika virus.

For infertility treatment and fertility preservation services in Toronto, contact ReproMed to explore treatment options, counseling services, and holistic infertility care. You can reach us on our website or at (972) 494-5438.

Understanding IUI

IUI, or intrauterine insemination, is a procedure in which washed, prepared sperm is placed directly into the uterus to increase the chances of conception. In many cases, this procedure is combined with the use of fertility drugs to prepare the body for pregnancy.

IUI is suitable both for couples facing both male and female factor infertility and women looking to conceive using donor sperm. If you fall within the first of these categories, IUI might be a favorable first step before moving forward with more advanced procedures like IVF. It has helped in cases where the male partner has low sperm count or low motility as well as cases where injuries or premature ejaculation prevent normal sexual activity. For women, IUI is helpful when mild endometriosis is a factor or infertility is unexplained by a clear physical cause.

To learn more about all of your options for assisted reproductive services in Toronto, call ReproMed at (972) 494-5438 and schedule a consultation.

What Every Woman Needs to Know About Fertility

Infertility is a problem that many women face, especially those who are attempting to get pregnant after the age of 35. To better plan for the future and understand all of the family planning options available to you, you should learn the facts about fertility, which are discussed in further detail below.

Fertility declines substantially with age.

Even if you are not planning to have a child until you are 30 or even 40, you may wish to consult with your physician at an earlier stage to get a better picture of reproductive capabilities. While treatments like IVF can extend the window of fertility, all women will vary in their fertility, so you should not hesitate to talk to a doctor about your unique circumstances. You should also recognize that age-related fertility decline is not a gradual process, but rather a significant drop-off around the ages of 35-40.

Irregular menstrual cycles could be a sign of infertility.

The length of a menstrual cycle is calculated from day one of the actual flow of a period to day one of a subsequent period. In an ovulatory cycle this averages 28 days, but can range between 21 and up to 38 days. The actual duration is 2 to 7 days.

If your cycles are irregular: occurring more than every 38 to 45 days; occurring more frequent than 21 to 24 days; are heavy; or last more than 7 days, then you should see your doctor for a full evaluation as this may have an impact on your fertility and if neglected, may have more serious consequences.

Healthy couples may not have luck conceiving in the first year.

Few couples will get pregnant right away, but about 80% will get pregnant after six months of trying, while 90% of healthy couples will get pregnant after one year. If a year has passed, you should not wait any longer to seek the care of a fertility specialist. You may consider seeing a specialist after just 6 months if age is a concern.

If you are worried about your future fertility or you are seeking immediate care for infertility in Toronto, call ReproMed at (972) 494-5438 to schedule a consultation.

Fertility After 35: One Woman's Story

After the age of 35, getting pregnant is much more of a challenge, because fertility declines sharply around this age. In this video, you can hear one woman’s story of trying to conceive with her partner of 9 years before eventually separating. She discovered that she had uterine fibroids, which were likely the cause of her infertility. Watch the whole video clip to hear her whole story and learn the strategies that can be most successful for achieving pregnancies in the face of infertility.

To learn more about fertility treatments, embryo and egg freezing, or donor services in Toronto, call ReproMed for a consultation. You can reach us on our website or at (972) 494-5438.

Getting Healthy for Your IVF Cycle

In-vitro fertilization, or IVF, is one of the most common treatments for infertility and it can be highly successful in a wide range of cases. If you are getting ready for an IVF cycle, you will play a vital role in this treatment! There are many ways that you can improve your health and prepare your body for a healthy transfer and pregnancy. This article will explore three easy strategies that you might implement to boost the chances of success with IVF when you undergo your next treatment cycle.

Eat a Balanced Diet

It is helpful to follow a pregnancy diet well before you conceive, especially if you are undergoing IVF. Before and during pregnancy, you should eat plenty of whole grains, lean protein, organic fruits and vegetables, and healthy fats, which can be found in avocados and nuts. You’ll also want to avoid alcohol and processed sugars along with caffeine.

Add Low-Impact Exercise to Your Routine

Strenuous exercise is not ideal prior to IVF, but you will want to get moving with yoga, walking, swimming, or any other form of low-impact exercise. Instead of putting more stress on your body, these types of exercise can boost circulation, promote a healthy weight, and improve your overall health.

Consider Acupuncture Therapy

While it is important to work with a reproductive medicine specialist to achieve your family planning goals, complementary therapies like acupuncture can be helpful in optimizing results. Acupuncture has been shown to improve the chances of conception while reducing the chance of miscarriage, so it can be a great alternative therapy to add to your IVF cycle. It is also a great way to relieve stress during the treatment cycle.

If you are considering IVF or you want to explore all of your infertility treatment options, schedule a consultation with ReproMed at (972) 494-5438. Our Toronto center provides a wide range of assisted reproduction services, donor services, and infertility counseling to address your needs with personalized care.

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