• How Are Women Tested for Infertility?

    When discussing female fertility, there are different factors being considered, including the number of eggs the woman has available in her ovarian reserve as well as the quality of eggs and the health of the reproductive organs. As such, there are multiple tests that may be required to help address the cause of infertility. A patient’s medical history will also be an important component in assessing potential factors.

    This video provides an overview of tests like ultrasounds, ovulation testing, and imaging of the fallopian tubes to identify where issues causing infertility are present. As the featured doctor explains, the timing of these tests is essential for their accuracy, so you must work closely with your reproductive specialist to know when testing is most appropriate.

    If you are struggling with infertility in Toronto, connect with ReproMed to explore the diagnostic and treatment options available to you. You can reach us online or call (972) 494-5438 to schedule your initial consultation.

  • How Long Does It Really Take to Get Pregnant?

    When couples decide that they are ready to have children, they are often surprised that it does not happen right away once they start trying. However, it is common for pregnancy to take some time. In fact, many couples will not conceive within the first month of having unprotected intercourse, and only 60% will be successful after six months. Knowing that pregnancy may not happen immediately when you begin trying can be helpful for your planning and expectations, and it can also alert you of when it may be time to consider fertility treatment with a clinic specializing in assisted reproduction in Toronto.

    Most couples get pregnant within a year of trying.

    On average, about 80% of couples will get pregnant within one year of trying, or 12 menstrual cycles. Therefore, it’s recommended that couples schedule an appointment with a fertility clinic after that one-year mark. However, this appointment may come sooner if you are over age 35, have chronic health issues, or have a personal or family history of reproductive issues. In these situations, you might want to see a fertility specialist before you even start trying to get pregnant, or after six months of trying.

    Many factors can affect your chances of pregnancy.  

    Outside of fertility issues, there are many factors that can influence your chances of getting pregnant. These include your age, lifestyle, and timing. While you cannot control your age, you do have plenty of control over how you are caring for yourself and when you are having intercourse.

    You can take steps on your own to improve your chances.

    Timing is key when you are trying to get pregnant, so that means you will need to track your cycle and know when you are ovulating. This will provide a window of when it is best to have intercourse to boost the odds of conception. You and your partner should also build a healthier routine with a balanced diet, regular exercise, no tobacco use, and limited use of alcohol.

    It can be difficult to think about infertility, but the compassionate doctors and staff at ReproMed can help you explore solutions to start your family, including IVF. To learn more about our Toronto clinic, give us a call at (972) 494-5438.

  • Male Infertility and ICSI: What You Need to Know

    Male infertility may involve low sperm counts, poor sperm motility, or low-quality sperm, which are all issues that can be addressed through intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI. With this procedure, a single sperm is injected into a single egg with microscopic visualization.  The eggs that have fertilized become viable embryos that are later transferred to the uterus, thus increasing the chances of implantation and full-term pregnancy. If you and your partner are struggling to conceive, you will want to know the following information about ICSI so that you’re fully aware of your treatment options for male fertility issues.

    ICSI addresses different types of male infertility.

    Because ICSI assigns a single sperm to each egg, it can be done when there is a limited number of sperm available. In addition, it means that fertilization can occur even when sperm has poor motility or low quality, which would make it unable to reach the egg through ejaculation during intercourse.

    ICSI requires in-vitro fertilization.

    ICSI cannot occur without in-vitro fertilization, or IVF, as it requires fertilization to take place in the laboratory setting. After each egg is injected with a single sperm through a delicate, hollow needle guided by a microscope, the eggs will be checked within 24 hours for signs of normal fertilization. Embryos will be transferred (or frozen) on day 3 or day 5 following fertilization.

    ICSI may include microsurgical sperm retrieval.

    ICSI may use a semen sample gathered through ejaculation, but in some cases, it will require microsurgical sperm retrieval. Specifically, if a patient has had a vasectomy or been diagnosed with azoospermia—or an absence of sperm in ejaculation—he may undergo needle aspiration or microsurgery to retrieve sperm directly from the testes.

    If you are seeking fertility care in Toronto, consult the fertility specialists at ReproMed for a complete look at your treatment options. We offer fertility counselling and patient education services to help you make the right decisions for your family planning, and we utilize the most advanced technologies available in our assisted reproduction care. To learn more about us or to schedule a consultation, call (972) 494-5438.

  • Egg Freezing

    In a social context, egg freezing has become more popular as a helpful measure for putting parenthood on hold while increasing the odds that you’ll have a successful pregnancy later on. Primarily, it can be considered beneficial for women who are undergoing treatment for a chronic illness that may affect fertility, such as chemotherapy or radiation. In either case, you will want to consider a couple of important items before you undergo the procedure.

    If you are using egg freezing for fertility preservation prior to medical treatment, you may be eligible for government-funded assistance under the Ontario Fertility Program.  These support services are available to residents of Ontario who have a valid OHIP card.  Due to the serious and time sensitive nature for these patients in this group, reproductive clinic will often expedite the ability for patients to see a doctor to discuss their options.

    For those using egg freezing for social reasons, procedure costs depend on the exact path you may choose.  The procedure itself costs $6,175 plus the costs of medications which range between $4,500 and $5,500.  Some patients may choose to fertilize some of the retrieved eggs with partner or donor sperm which would require additional services like ICSI.  Once the procedure is complete, patients can store their eggs in two ways: on an annual basis with renewal, or a 5-year term with a discount for pre-payment.

    If you want to learn if egg freezing is right for you, the first step is requesting a consultation at ReproMed in Toronto. Our fertility specialists can help you make the best decisions for your needs and provide exceptional care with your treatment choices. To make an appointment, call us today at (972) 494-5438.

  • Understanding Your Options for Government-Funded Fertility Services

    For many couples that experience fertility challenges, the use of reproductive services become an important consideration when starting a family. Fortunately, residents of Ontario have more opportunities to seek the fertility care that will help thanks to the Ontario Fertility Program.  ReproMed is proud to be a partner to the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care as a participating clinic offering the following services with government healthcare coverage:


    Any resident of Ontario with a valid Ontario Health card is eligible for government-funded fertility services.  Those seeking in-vitro fertilization (IVF) must also be under the age of 43 to utilize government benefits. One cycle of IVF is covered per patient per lifetime.  Also covered are the future embryo transfers (single embryo transfer) of the resulting batch of embryos from the IVF cycle.  However, coverage does not extend to any necessary fertility drugs or genetic testing like PGS or PGD and these services must be paid privately.


    Intrauterine insemination (IUI) has unlimited cycle coverage, and it may be used with partner or donor sperm.  The sperm washing and preparation before the insemination is not covered along with the purchase of donor sperm if needed.

    Fertility Preservation

    Fertility preservation, or egg and sperm cryopreservation, is only covered through Ontario Fertility Program when patients have a medical cause of potential infertility, such as undergoing radiation therapy for cancer. One treatment cycle per patient is covered, and this does not include the costs of storage of eggs or sperm.

    To learn more about your fertility care benefits, ReproMed recommends scheduling an appointment with one of our fertility care specialists in Toronto. You can do so by contacting patient services at (972) 494-5438. You can also browse our website for more details about each of the procedures listed above.

  • What Are the Earliest Signs of Pregnancy?

    When you have been going through fertility treatments, you may be excited to notice some of the first signs of pregnancy. Some women will experience some early signs of pregnancy that begin even before it’s time to take a pregnancy test.

    This video explains some of the signs which indicate you may be pregnant, as well as the reasons these symptoms occur. Some women experience morning sickness very early in pregnancy, while others may have more frequent urges to urinate or may have sudden gum irritation and tenderness.

    An official pregnancy test will always be performed by the lab.  In the meantime however, let’s take a look at the lighter side of the early signs of pregnancy and hopefully bring a smile to your day.

    At ReproMed, we are here to help you conceive utilizing advanced assisted reproduction procedures, including IVF and donor sperm insemination. To learn more about our Toronto fertility care, visit our website or call (972) 494-5438.

  • What Men Need to Know about Fertility Treatment Options

    It’s a frequent misconception that infertility is more common in women than in men. In truth, men experience fertility issues often, and in some cases, couples struggling to conceive will have fertility problems in both partners. That’s why it’s important for both members of the couple to schedule an appointment with an assisted reproduction clinic and fully understand their treatment options. When male infertility is an issue, there are many treatment options to consider including surgery, and sperm aspiration, donor services, and use of ICSI in conjunction of IVF. Below are some key facts to know about these treatment options, so you can come to your fertility screening appointment in Toronto prepared and informed.

    Male infertility is not uncommon.

    Men who are diagnosed with infertility tend to struggle with this diagnosis, because they may have feelings of inadequacy associated with a low sperm count or low sperm motility. In fact, male infertility is not uncommon, so it should not be a source of stress or dread. It’s also worth noting that the prevalence of male infertility has led to the development of many different treatments that can address the issue.

    You have a range of options.

    There are many treatments for male infertility, and the right one will depend on the cause of your fertility issues. That’s why it’s important to visit a clinic with a full andrology lab for a complete workup and diagnosis. Once you have a clear diagnosis, you will be able to decide if surgical sperm retrieval or minimally invasive sperm aspiration is right for you. The use of ICSI in IVF has made a significant contribution of addressing male factor fertility.

    Your lifestyle can make a difference.

    Though lifestyle changes are not a substitute for fertility services, they can make a difference for male fertility. A healthy diet and regular exercise can keep your body better prepared for surgery, and these choices can also help manage stress and naturally boost your sperm count.

    When you need male infertility treatment in Canada, you can turn to ReproMed for a full range of services.  With our advanced andrology lab onsite as well as nationally recognized donor services, we can help you make the choices that are best for you, your partner, and your future family. To learn more, visit us online or call (972) 494-5438.

  • Who Can Benefit from Assisted Hatching?

    Assisted hatching is a procedure that can increase the chances of successful implantation in some patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF). It involves creating a perforation in the zona pellucida, which can be thought of as a shell surrounding an embryo. The embryo must break out of the shell before implanting in the uterus, but sometimes, the shell is thicker and harder to break open, meaning that implantation is less likely to occur. This does not damage the embryo, as the zona pellucida gets left behind when the embryo come out  and attaches to the uterine wall.

    For patients who are over the age of 38 or have elevated levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), embryos with thicker zona pellucida are more common, so they may benefit from assisted hatching. Assisted hatching may also be recommended when patients have undergone multiple rounds of IVF without successful implantation.

    At ReproMed, we will tailor your assisted reproduction experience to your needs based on your health history, age, and other key factors affecting your fertility. To learn more about our fertility care services in Toronto, visit us online or call (972) 494-5438.

  • What to Expect When You Undergo a Fertility Assessment

    Whether you have decided you are ready to start a family or not, experiencing fertility issues, or simply planning for the future, discussing reproductive matters with your primary care physician is an important first step. Many times your primary doctor will refer you to a fertility specialist to seek a more comprehensive fertility assessment. Depending on your age, the decision to refer to a reproductive clinic sooner, rather than later, may help to identify issues for your or your partner’s fertility.

    A Discussion with the Doctor

    In many cases, your primary doctor may send some test results they may have conducted or medical information to assist the Fertility Specialist. You will sit down with the doctor to discuss your reproductive goals, as well as your health history, reproductive and sexual history, and known infertility issues in your family. This information can help identify any potential problems and determine additional tests if necessary. In some situations, it may lead to some specific tests, like genetic screening, and help establish realistic goals for assisted reproduction procedures.

    Hormonal Testing

    For women, age is an important factor in fertility, because hormone levels will naturally fluctuate and drop off after a certain point. That’s why your doctor may order blood work to measure estrogen and progesterone levels in addition to others that may affect your fertility. For men, it may be appropriate to measure testosterone levels.

    Sperm or Ovary Analysis

    Fertility in women is linked to an adequate supply of healthy eggs. Therefore, your doctor may order an ultrasound of the ovaries to get a count of viable follicles. Men, on the other hand, may provide a semen sample, which will be reviewed in an andrology lab to assess the sperm count, motility, and mobility. Computer analysis assists in these procedures for improved accuracy and efficient testing.

    Next Steps

    Once the testing is complete, a follow-up consultation will take place to tie everything together. At that time, the best path forward will be mapped out between you and the doctor.

    For fertility assessments and state-of-the-art infertility treatment options , connect with ReproMed. Our Toronto clinic can offer personalized, dedicated care that is compatible with Ontario’s government-funded fertility services. To learn more, visit our website or call us at (972) 494-5438.

  • Should You Consider Couples Counseling During Fertility Treatments?

    When you are facing infertility, tensions between you and your partner may run high. Infertility is a stressful subject to talk about, and it’s even tougher to deal with it. Treatments can be mentally and physically stressful, and that stress may only complicate your situation. Therefore, you might consider going through couples counseling while you explore fertility treatment options.

    Couples counseling can sound daunting, but it is intended to facilitate open communication and help each partner express themselves. During fertility care, this kind of communication can be invaluable, since you will need to make decisions as a couple about how you want to proceed in your treatment and express when you are experiencing more physical or emotional difficulty.

    Sometimes, in the case of a failed treatment, taking a moment to pause and discuss what has transpired can be beneficial for couples. In many cases, this reflection can help move forward in the reproductive journey that lies ahead.

    When you seek fertility care in Toronto through ReproMed, we can connect you to counseling services to help ease the process of treatment and get your family off to a positive start. For more information about our assisted reproduction services, visit us online or call (972) 494-5438 to schedule a consultation.